A Glimpse of Education Pattern in India

A Glimpse of Education Pattern in India

In India, educational institutes comprise of the public sector as well as private one. In fact, Indian Constitution provides free and compulsory education to the children belonging to the age group of 6 to 14 so that this young generation can avail basic education at no cost. The usual education pattern followed in India is 10 + 2 + 3. This pattern starts with the primary education known as the elementary education to children aged 6 to 14 years. Then comes the secondary education covering the age group of 12 to 18 years whose education goes till class 10th commonly known as matriculation or secondary education. After that, senior secondary or higher senior secondary education comes till class 12th.


Due to the high rate of poverty in India, the majority of the students are enrolled in government schools. According to Education Ministry data, 65% (113 million,) of all school students in 20 states go to government schools. The premier school educational boards are National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) whose headquarters situated in the capital of our country. This institutional body deals with the matters related to course curriculum for all the schools in India. NCERT provides guidance assistance along with technical one to the number of schools in India.


The national body which creates and manages the syllabus for grades 1 to 12 is CBSE which stands for Central Board of Secondary Education. This body conducts the famous and well-known board examinations for class 10th and class 12th in two major languages Hindi and English. Then come various other state boards like Bihar School Education Board, Punjab School Education Board, Andhra Pradesh Board of Secondary Education, etc. Each state in India has its own education board. However, on the top of them, the one which rules is none other than Central Board of Secondary Education due to its unique pattern. But schools are free to opt for any of the board to be implemented for their students.


But we have a look upon the statistics and data collected, it is stated that every person above the age of 7 years who can read and write with understanding in any language is said to be literate. As per this criterion, the 2011 survey holds the National Literacy Rate to be 74.07%. The youth literacy rate, measured within the age group of 15 to 24, is 81.1% (84.4% among males and 74.4% among females), while 86% of boys and 72% of girls are literate in the 10-19 age group.


If we compare the Indian states we can easily see that Kerala has the highest literacy rate of 94.65% whereas Bihar has an average of 63.8% literacy. The education pattern mentioned earlier in this article has been followed from past many decades which actually needs to be updated with the passage of time. The whole world is upgrading and we are still in this phase of development. The parents and the teachers should also become aware of the modern education techniques which will make their children more smarter and sharper.